New Ribbon
Slide 1

Meeting with ZMOE India secretary

Slide 2

Green Ambassadors Network meeting

Slide 3

Green Ambassadors Plantation

Slide 4

School Biodiversity

Slide 5

Freshwater biodiversity

Slide 6

CeFHA Staff with KNH Staff

Slide 6

Staff meeting

Slide 7

Community meeting at Yasidipalem

Example Frame

Centre for Humanitarian Assistance Trust

works with the indigenous communities,
especially women and children, in and around Visakhapatnam Dist., Andhra Pradesh,
South India.

cefha

“To establish a just, egalitarian social order through the participation of communities to create self sustenance and self reliance for individuals, Families and Communities”

Tsunami in AP, India – Relief

GOAL

To help tsunami victims overcome the trauma, recoup and return to the sea

The Big Picture

a

The south Asian tsunami of 2004 did not hit the coast of Andhra Pradesh (AP) as ferociously as it struck Tamilnadu (TN), further south in peninsular India. Loss of life was much less in AP compared to TN. But loss of livelihood was on a comparable scale. This being the scenario, it became easy for everyone - governments, NGOs, media - to ignore the tsunami problem in AP, and so they did. CeFHA benefited from the extensive survey of the coast, from Kanyakumari in the South to Srikakulam in the north, undertaken by partner organisations, for not only assessing the impact of tsunami but also the extent of intervention. So CeFHA was able to base its appeal to the funding partner organisations on a need basis and arrive at a strategic partnership for fruitful intervention.

Objectives

  1. To provide food under food-for-work program
  2. To provide fish loss assistance
  3. To enable all the stakeholders gain insights into and skills in community-oriented disaster preparedness and management

Activities

  1. Food and Non-Food Assistance
  2. 24980 person days generated in through food-for-work assistance to 2827 people in 17 villages in the form of 4 kg of rice, 300gms of dal, 225 gms of dry fish, oil 300gms and salt 250gms, per day
  3. Person day utilisation - 6559 in road repair work; 9696 person days in net repairs; 8505 person days in boat repairs
  4. 136 nets were repaired, 243 boats were repaired and 150 additional nets were supplied
  5. 100 women supported for fish loss through SHGs
  6. Health Assistance
  7. People in this area were suffering from several health and nutritional disorders due to poverty and lack of education. Health and nutrition education was imparted in 10 villages of 4 Mandals. Emphasis was laid on Fever, Scabies, Worm Infestation, Diarrhea, Personal Hygiene, Vitamin Deficiency and Under Five Care; Handicapped persons were surveyed in the 10 villages and were assisted with 15-tricycles, 5- Aged hand crèches.
  8. general health camps were organized in which 355 patients were screened, 355 – patients treated, Health and AIDS awareness education imparted to 355, 6 – patients referred to govt. hospital.; 1 eye camp, 170 – patients attended , 22 – selected for operation and operated, 29 – selected for Aged spectacles and supported
  9. Child Education Program
  10. Parents were motivated to send their children to schools instead of encouraging them to fish in 10 villages from 4 different mandals. CeFHA held discussions with the community in these villages in support of children’s education. 138 boys and 194 girls were enrolled in school and given educational assistance

The fear of epidemics was pandemic in the tsunami affected regions. CeFHA organised inclusive health camps, addressing medical problems, vulnerabilities and disabilities.
Food assistance was the immediate need which CeFHA and the partner organisations worked on. Food assistance had to be unconditional, purely humanitarian with no strings attached, yet it had to be approached in a way that it does diminish the people’s self-worth.

Tsunami Emergency Relief Summary

Number of mandals covered 6
Number of villages covered 17
Beneficiaries - fisherfolk and women 2827
Number of women to receive fish loss support for 100
Net repairs 136
Boat repairs 243
New nets 150
Tsunami Emergency Relief Summary
Number of mandals covered  6
Number of villages covered 17
Beneficiaries - fisherfolk and women 2827
Number of women to receive fish loss support for 100
Net repairs 136
Boat repairs 243
New nets 150
Number of women's SHGs formed 50
Number of groups to get RCF @ Rs. 5,000 INR 50
Number of people covered by 3 health camps 1338
Child Education Support  332
Number of disabled people supported 15
Hand Cresches 5 5
Number of elederly people to get eyewear 29

Tsunami in AP, India – Rehabilitation

The Big Picture

a

Tsunami relief in general tended to be excessive of the kind that made communities not only numb to the past but also to the future. A majority of the funding organisations did not penetrate Andhra Pradesh and if a few did penetrate, they did not take a long-term view of the intervention. CeFHA and their partners looked at the programme strategically, identifying the areas, the communities and its constituents. Community empowerment, leadership programmes, children’s education, alternative livelihoods, social forestry and alternative energy were identified as the key components for all-round damage control and lasting rehabilitation.

Outcome

  1. Stronger representation for women
  2. Creation of community savings base with women at the helm
  3. Increased confidence to face up to crises
  4. Formation of network to address issues and representation to the Government
  5. Development of new skills
  6. Strengthening of leadership

Agents of empowerment were identified from within the community and familiarised with skills and techniques through a series of workshops. Consensus building was undertaken for recognition of the role of the leadership and identification of the key issues to work on.

The health programmes run in the immediate aftermath of tsunami focussing primarily on trauma care, injury treatment and epidemic control were refocussed into health, nutrition and sanitation programmes with community participation.

Tsunami helped bring to the fore the realisation among fisherfolk that in a way they were still no more than hunter-gatherers and that they needed to transform. This transformation had to be shaped from the ground up, beginning with the children and having roots in education

Empowerment Programme
Children's groups 24
Women's  groups 55
People's organizations 12
Children's education assistance 300
People's network 136
Cultural activities and events groups 24
Livelihood Support
Agriculture and forestry 25 / 100 acres
Seed capital for market oriented group activity 55 groups
Women's marketing co-operqtive society 1
Community Health and Nutrition
Health education camps 4
Under-5 care and nutrition programme 75 children17
Village health clinics 12
Kitchen garden 75 F
Drinking water and sanitation well drains 2

AP Flood

ap flood

GOAL

To alleviate the suffering of the flood-affected families by strengthening their livelihood and food security support systems, linking the relief and rehabilitation to the development process

The Big Picture

The AP flood of 2005 made it double the disaster for the people. The coastal areas had been struck heavily by the south Asian tsunami just months earlier in December 2004, from which the people had barely recovered.

This made it mandatory for a re-think of the tsunami intervention strategy and some new-think on linking relief to development.

So the flood relief provided by CeFHA and partners went beyond relief and took into account the past and the future of the company.

Outcome

  1. Regularization of school in the Village and Continuation of children’s education
  2. Leadership building
  3. Formation of women’s groups, savings and income generation
  4. Empowerment of women
  5. Health consciousness

A.P. Flood Relief Village - Revuvathadu, near Visakhapatnam

CeFHA concentrated on just one village, assisting and working with 57 families at various levels

  1. To meet the immediate direct need for food
  2. To provide essential non food items like school kits for children, temporary shelter materials and utensils to selected families
  3. To provide building materials needed for immediate house repairs
  4. To facilitate livelihood support to Fisher folk families for income generation and economic stability
  5. To ensure adequate potable water and sanitation
c c c c

1. Food for Work Programme

Relief was planned for 15 days for 57 families through food for work programme - 400 meters’ of gravel road was relaid, and 155 feet and 330 feet of village drain and street drain were built.

2. Broad Non-Food Assistance

  1. School kits to 40 children
  2. Utensils 25 sets
  3. Temporary shelter materials to 25 families
  4. Construction of thatched huts for 16 families
  5. Repair of 10 tiled houses
  6. Community fund and Self Help Group amounting to Rs. 36000
  7. Livelihood support in the form of small round boats (puttie) to 35 families,
    fishing nets to 40 persons and livestock to 25 families

Food assistance was the immediate need which CeFHA and the partner organisations worked on. Food assistance had to be unconditional, purely humanitarian with no strings attached, but the CeFHA effort managed to tie it to an outcome, directed at letting the community see its self-worth

Emergency Relief Kodavatipudi Village Report – 30-09-08

Goal:

The overall goal is to give moral support and immediate relief by providing the food to the suffering of the affected poor Dalit families.

Objective

  • To meet immediate- direct need of food (items such as rice, dhal ,oil and other ingredients ) to the affected families
  • To provide non-food items like Children School kits, Tiles materials, and cooking vessels to selected families
  • To promote sanitation measures and health assistance

Needs

  • Immediate relief and health assistance
  • Supply of basic food grains
  • Sets of Cooking Vessels & Bed sheets support
  • Repair of the damaged house (Palm leaf / Palm wood / tiles Support)
  • Moral support to Children, Community and women
  • Confidence building
  • Advocacy issue – compensation and human rights
a

Targeted Beneficiaries:

The targeted Beneficiaries are the 87 Dalit families of the Kodavatipudi village and these families are covered by KNH response. Most of these Families are depend upon agricultural Cooli.

a

Planned Activities for Relief:

Sl District Visakhapatnam District Total Remarks
01 Mandal-Kotauratla 1 1  
02 Village-Kodavatipudi 1 1  
03 Families 87 87  
1 Direct Assistance      
a Village 1 1  
b Food Assistance 87 87  
c Non Food Assistance Vessels/ bed sheets/ Roofing material 87 87  
2 Health      
  Health assistance Health assistance 1Villages CeFHA Health workers extended the Health assistance

CeFHA Intervention :

Each family is provided with food assistance for 30 days. The package of food assistance for 30 days will contain the following items
Rice -50 kg ; Dal-10 k.g; oil -3 lit ;Chilly powder -300 grms ; Turmeric powder-300 grms; Salt -1 kg ; Cash per family-200/- and set of Blankets. The roofing material is also supplied like tiles, Palm leaf for the thatched houses and Palm wood.

a
Family Relief Pack  
Food Assistance (87 families for 30 days)  
Rice Kg.50
Dal Kg.10
Oil Lts-3
Chilli powder Grms-300
Turmeric powder Grms-300
Salt Kg.-1
Cash Rs.-200
Non Food Assistance for 87 families  
Set of Utensils& Bed Sheets No.10/Sets
Shelter materials- Palm leaf / Palm wood / tiles 43 families

Care Extended :

  • Immediate relief and health assistance was given
  • Basic food grains are supplied
  • Cooking Vessel & Blankets are distributed
  • Roofing material –Palm leaf/ wood/ Tiles are provided
  • Moral support to Children, Community and women
  • Building Confidence among the community to live in the same village and checked Migration
  • Discussed with Government authorities on compensation and human rights

NEELAM FLOOD RELIEF PROJECT REPORT –KOTAURATLA 2012

5th November 2012 – 30th April 2013

Goal and Objectives:

The overall goal is to alleviate the suffering of the affected poor Dalit and Tribal families andstrengthening their livelihood and food-security support systems, linking the relief and rehabilitation to the development process.

c c c c

OBJECTIVES :

  • To meet immediate direct need of food (items such as rice, dhal and oil) to the affected families
  • To provide needed non-food items like Children School kits and utensils to selected families
  • To extend support for land development through food for work programme, seed and agriculture implement support to the farmers
  • To extend support for land development through food for work programme, seed and agriculture implement support to the farmers
  • To promote potable water and sanitation measures

Targeted Beneficiaries :

The targeted Beneficiaries are the 658 Dalit and Tribal families of the villages of Kotauratla and these families will be covered by KNH response. Most of these communities are depend upon t small Piece of land, agriculture labour and landless people.

CRISIS PHASE :

1 Direct Assistance

(a) Food Assistance 658 Families   (b) School kits 579

2 Health/Sanitation

Health assistance medicines20 Villages | Sanitation 3Village | Health Camps 2

B. Post Crisis Phase 2. Livelihood Support

1 Food For work programme-Land Dev249 farmers 2490 Humandays
2 Agriculture implement Support- 249 farmers; Seed Support 249 farmers

Activity Report:

A. Crisis Phase:
1. Family relief Pack:

The CeFHA Staff moved to the Villages and organized meetings and planned along with theCommunity to release the immediate need food grains. The relief was planned for 15 days for658 families through food for work programme and worked out 9870 Human days tocomplete road repair, Bore well canal cleaning, House repair, drain cleaning, sanitation, village cleaning and Drinking water well chlorination.

Food Details

Rice 9870 kg, Dal 658 KG, oil 658 Ltrs, Chilli 66 KG, Turmeric 66kg, Salt 329KG

2. Nonfood Assistance:
A. School Kits Assistance – 579 Children

The staff organised meeting in the village and surveyed the children who are going to school and listed out the children whose books and dresses are washed away in the flood. The below6school kits were provided to the children through the Community and Green Ambassadors children Network.

3. Health and Sanitation

The Health coordinators of CeFHA immediately moved to the village and camped for 7days and imparted the Health Education on Sanitation and Cleaning of the houses, villages, Dead animals, drainages, canals, roads, bushes and cleaning of the Drinking water well in the Village. They educated the villagers to boil the water and drink. They also demonstrated the ORS solution in the village for emergency cases in the village. Lot of Mosquitoes is surrounded by the villages and ask them to clean the Village. Totally 456 patients were treated for Diahorrea, dysentery, stomach pain, fever, Malaria, joint pain, cold & Cough; body pain and Gastric problems. The whole area was bleached with bleaching powder to avoid the diseases.

3. Agriculture Seed Support

249 families are supported with Agriculture seed consists of Brinjal-50 grms; Lady finger-100 grm; Tomato-25grms; Angular gourds-50 grams; bottle gourds-50 grams and 1560 kgs of Srivari Paddy is supported.

4. Capacity building activities
Community based Disaster Preparedness Training and one day work Shop:

CeFHA invited a team from Visakhapatnam for a day to train the villagers on disaster preparedness and organized one day workshop on Disaster Preparedness and Management at villages Sunkupur and Lingapuram, covering 60 persons in the work shop.
The team covered the below topics:

Project: A.P. Hudhud Cyclone Flood Relief Kotauratla Mandal Visakhapatnam District

October 2014 – June 2015

Sleeping material sets supported – 897 Children
Utensils supported – 822 Women
Fruit Bearing Plants supported- 897 Children
Women / PWD livelihood supported- 79 Women
Cashew plants supported- 577 Women
Agriculture Crop loss seeds supported- 350 Farmers

Goal and Objectives:

The overall goal is to alleviate the suffering of the affected widow women , poor Dalit and Tribal families and strengthening their livelihood and food-security support systems, linking the relief and rehabilitation to the development process.

c c c c

OBJECTIVES :

  • To meet immediate direct need (items such as sleeping material, clothes , children dress) to the affected families
  • To provide needed non-food items like utensils to selected families
  • To extend support for land development through food for work programme , seed and agriculture support to the farmers
  • To facilitate livelihood support to Tribal and Dalit effected families for income generation and economic stability and Fruit bearing saplings
  • To promote potable water and sanitation/ health measures

Methodology:

Looking at the situation, problems and needs in the area the project started working in the area in relief and support in livelihood to give moral support and bring a change in the life of Dalit and Tribals in the area with participatory approach. It initiated its activities along with families, meeting people in village and meeting the Community leaders, old, youth, women and children and identified issues, problems and needs. The project has already conducted a detailed study in the Community and Individual survey for the victims. During the survey the staff and people understand the damages and loss of their livelihood of the people, by which the people and staff are aware of the real situation and in the process both jointly made the assessment. The staff discussed with children, SHGs and community, organised group discussions and shared the information.

CeFHA formed Village relief Committees including village leaders, child representatives and women groups and build their confidence to regain their strength. Any programme initiated in the village is discussed, planned, owned, implemented and monitored and they are part of the total relief program

Needs in the area of Kotauratla Village:


1. Immediate restoration of livelihoods(relief- vessels & Sleeping materials& Clothes )
2. Support of Tiles and palm leaves to repair and rebuild &construction of the houses;
2. Confidence building
3. Support to children needs- Fruit bearing saplings to children
4. Cleaning of water wells/ sanitation 5. Support to land development – Agriculture crops –vegetable and Paddy seed
6. Advocacy issues for demanding right compensation
7. Disaster preparedness for coping up and capacity building of the community
8. Disaster relief fund

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INVOLVEMENT

Programme Process and implementation: The Project began its work on 20th October 2014 with a base line survey and Micro-plan, started organising community meeting and sharing with community regarding the relief activity. The people and children joined in the meetings, discussions, identifying the victims & loss, planning the activities. The Crisis Phase activities were initiated through Village Relief Committee in the village. The Community was totally involved in planning and implementation of the relief. Training was imparted to selected people like members of Peoples organization, SHGs and child network in promotion of relief activities like organizing the people for food for work programme like road repair, Bore well canal cleaning, House repair, drain cleaning, sanitation, village cleaning and Drinking water well chlorination. Community participation in planning became a crucial part in this relief programme. One of the very important strategies was taken up for relief activity to initiate a process of unfolding peoples own Capabilities and skills and took immediate action to overcome from the Crisis.

Location and Area of Operation

Among the districts which are affected by the HUDHUD cyclone, it is observed from the field survey done by CeFHA that 24 villages are affected in kotauratla Mandal in Visakhapatnam. CeFHA is planning to take up relief & Rehabilitation work in 24 villages, those who are worst hit by Cyclone, children and women are more affected and where CeFHA is already working.

CeFHA carried out its humanitarian assistance operations in 24 Villages of Kotauratla Mandal Visakhapatnam District only. In one district, from one Mandal of 24 villages 1441 families will be covered. The details are given below:

Sl District Block/Mandals Villages Families
1 Visakhapatnam 1 24 1441
  1 1 24 1441

Targeted Beneficiaries

The targeted Beneficiaries are the 1441 Dalit and Tribal families of the 24 villages of Kotauratla and these families will be covered by KNH response. Most of these communities are depend upon a small Piece of land, agriculture labour and landless people.

Criteria for Selection

The affected 1441 families and 350 farmers were chosen basing on the damages occurred to the families. Lists of affected families from respective villages were collected by a team of people, along with Green Ambassadors, SHG members and dalit network members representing by CeFHA.

Criteria adopted:

  • Primary focus on Children( Green Ambassadors & PF2)
  • Operational area
  • Economically Poor Families
  • Children are affected with health, education and food insecurity
  • Belonging to Dalit & Tribal Community
  • Destitute women, Widow and Old age
  • CeFHA Target villages
  • Those who have lost their livelihood resources and damages to their houses and cattle
  • Affected Farmers
  • People with disability
  • Landless families/ vulnerable families

Description of Targeted Assistance and Implementation

Sl District Visakhapatnam Total
01 Mandal 1 1
02 Village 1 1
03 Families 1441 F 1441F
04 Implementing Partner KNH/CeFHA 24
I CRISIS PHASE 1. Immediate Relief  
1 Direct Assistance 1 24
a Utensils Assistance to families 822W 822W
b 2 bed sheets/sleeping material 897 C 897 C
2 Health/Sanitation Villages    
a Health Camps 2 2
  B. Post Crisis Phase                                2. Livelihood Support
1. Vegetable seed support

Total-  169acre / 350f

40acres-veg-25kgs/80 Fr

25acres-pulses-125kg/50Fr

80acres- 800kg millets-160 Fr

24acre –Paddy -60f /300kg

350 F

80 F

50 F

160 F

60 F
2 Fruit bearing sapling support 897 Ch 897Ch
3 Cashew Plantation 577 acr
4 Livelihood Assistance/ Support  to women 79 Women Individual support  
5 Capacity building activity-Workshop 60 persons  

The CeFHA strongly feels that the main emphasis of the response should be to restore the livelihood of the affected communities by the Cyclone disaster. The proposed programme includes only the neediest support to restore the livelihood of the people.

A. Crisis Phase:

1. Utensils Assistance to Women (3 No. Each)
822 women were supported with a set of 3 cooking vessels with lids.
2. Sleeping Material for Childrens (2 No. Each)
The staff organised meeting in the village and surveyed the children who are listed out the children whose sleeping materials are washed away in the flood. The sleeping material kits were provided to the 897 children through the Community and Green Ambassadors children Network.
3. First Health Camps organised-
The Health coordinators of CeFHA immediately moved to the village and camped for 4 days and imparted the Health Education on Sanitation and Cleaning of the houses , villages , Dead animals, drainages, canals , roads, bushes and cleaning of the Drinking water Well in the Village. They educated the villagers to boil the water and drink. They also demonstrated the ORS solution in the village for emergency cases in the village. Lot of Mosquitoes is surrounded by the villages and asks them to clean the Village.
Totally 128 screened and 302 patients were treated for Diahorrea, dysentery, stomach pain, fever, Malaria, joint pain, cold & Cough; body pain and Gastric problems. The whole area was bleached with bleaching powder to avoid the diseases. In the second camp ,Totally 80 children and 96 adults were treated.128 people screened.
B. Post Crisis Phase
350 farmers were identified , whose crop was lost and the total crop was damaged due to HUD HUD cyclone , as the Rabi crop season already gone the seed will be supported in the month of April to continue the crop of Kharif in May- June . The below seeds will be supported to the 350 farmers in the month of April.
Vegetable & Pulses& millet & Paddy Seeds Support:
80 farmers were supported with 25 kg of vegetable seed to develop 40 acres of land.
50 farmers were supported with 125 kg of pulses seed to develop 25 acres of land.
160 farmers were supported with 800 kg of millets seed to develop 80 acres of land.
60 farmers were supported with 300 kg of paddy seed to develop 24 acres of land.
897 green Ambassadors children / Families were supported with 3 fruit bearing plants (Mango, Pomegranate& Chickoo) totall 2691 plants to plant at the back yard of the house
577 families supported with each family 30 cashew plants, for each family for the economic support.17310 plants are planted in the area.
Livelihood Assistance to Women & PWD SHG Members
The members of the SHGs initiated various income generation activities like Petty shops-32, Tea shops-5, Fruit business-13, Vegetable business- 7, Tailoring units-2, Goat rearing-3, Dry Fish business-1, Palm leaf crafts-2, Lime butties- 3, Rope making-2, Brooms- 2, Milk business-2 and Buffallo business- 2 in the villages and Kotauratla Mandal. Those shops/small sheds are flown/ damaged their roofs and the business materials are all lost and damaged. 79 women and PWD from 62 groups of 24 villages are identified and lost their livelihoods. These women and PWD enterprenuers are assisted with each Rs.5000/- as livelihood support to initiate the business again to generate income for their families and self sufficient.
1 day Capacity Building Activity Workshop for 60 Persons
CeFHA invited a team from Visakhapatnam for a day to train the villagers on disaster preparedness and organized twice for one day workshop on Disaster Preparedness and Management at CeFHA Field Office, covering 60 persons in the work shop. Mr. Daniel, Dr.Sujatha and Mr D’Silva attended the work shop.
The team covered the below topics:
Disaster Recovery and Rehabilitation: The team shared the process to be undertaken by a disaster-affected community to fully restore itself to pre- disaster level of functioning
• Food distribution to feed insecure families during the Crisis period
• Food for work programme (community based)
• Reconstructing dwellings with resistant or easily rebuilt materials following a cyclone/flood
• Restoring community development activities
• Tracing family members separated in a flood or conflict emergency
• Establishing community household granaries
• Providing employment skills to the effected families
Disaster Prevention: The team explained the activities designed to provide permanent protection from disasters – or reduce the intensity/ frequency of a hazardous event through health assistance.
Disaster Mitigation : The team shared the measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at reducing the impact on society and the Environment through protecting deep wells, planting trees, food for work, Community granaries and building up earth mounds on which to raise houses above a flood level.
Disaster Preparedness: The team trained the community, the ability to predict, respond to and cope with the effect of a flood disaster
• to identify the components of disaster preparedness planning
•to describe the role of vulnerability and risk assessment as a prerequisite to disaster preparedness
Disaster Relief: The team trained the people on those extraordinary measures required in search and rescue of survivors, as well as to meet basic needs for shelter, water, food and health care like
• Damage assessment after a violent wind & storm has occurred
• Food/Material distribution

Capacity Building of the communities:

As the community is in distress and lost confidence on livelihood in the beginning, CeFHA started interacting with community, children and SHGs to build rapport and confidence by giving moral support, visiting houses and had interaction with families, children and community.Under this programme CeFHA organised various Capacity Building Trainings i.e. one day training programmes on unity, collective action and sharing under Food for Work Programme& Disaster preparedness. CeFHA also made an attempt to form the Village Relief Committees in each village and trained them for identifying the needy area under Food for Work Programme like house repairs, Canal, Drinking water well chlorination and road repairs, planning, and implementation of the proposed works.
They also discussed to repair the damaged houses and Drain to prevent further flow of water through the village and divert the canal to the riverside. They are planned to work unitedly in all the works of proposed support from KNH and share the resources (Food materials) equally.
During the relief period the community took a strategy to work unitedly and made joint efforts in rebuilding their respective Villages. During this period the Communities are capacitated with the Construction of the Thatched and tiled houses jointly, ordering of Agricultural implements. The People from all the villages participated in planning, implementation, documenting in the village record and monitoring.

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